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What is a wafer connector?

A wafer connector is a type of electrical connector commonly used in electronic devices and systems to establish connections between printed circuit boards (PCBs), or between a PCB and another component such as a display panel, sensor, or other electronic module. The term "wafer" refers to the thin, flat shape of the connector, resembling a small and compact version of a semiconductor wafer. Here's a detailed overview of wafer connectors:


Construction and Design:

Wafer connectors consist of a series of individual contacts arranged in a linear or grid pattern on a thin plastic housing. The contacts are typically made of metal and are designed to mate with corresponding contacts on the mating connector or PCB. The housing of the connector provides mechanical support and insulation for the contacts, ensuring proper alignment and electrical isolation.

The contacts in a wafer connector are usually arranged in a single row or multiple rows, with spacing between adjacent contacts determined by the pitch of the connector. Common pitch sizes include 1.0mm, 1.25mm, 2.0mm, and 2.54mm, although other pitch sizes may also be available depending on the specific application requirements.

Types of Wafer Connectors:

There are various types of wafer connectors available, each designed for specific applications and requirements. Some common types include:

1.Board-to-Board (BTB) Connectors: These connectors are used to establish connections between two PCBs positioned parallel to each other. They are commonly used in electronic devices such as laptops, printers, and telecommunication equipment.

2.Wire-to-Board (WTB) Connectors: These connectors are used to terminate wires or cables onto a PCB. They are often used in applications where the PCB needs to be connected to external components such as sensors, switches, or displays.

3.Board-to-FPC/FPC-to-FPC Connectors: These connectors are designed to connect a PCB to a flexible printed circuit (FPC) or to establish connections between two FPCs. They are commonly used in applications where flexibility and space-saving are important considerations, such as in mobile phones, tablets, and digital cameras.

Features and Benefits:

1.Compact Size: Wafer connectors are known for their small and compact size, making them suitable for applications with limited space or where miniaturization is required. Their thin and flat profile allows for dense packaging of electronic components on a PCB, maximizing space utilization and enabling sleek and compact designs.

2.High Density: Wafer connectors offer high contact density, allowing for a large number of electrical connections to be made within a small footprint. This makes them ideal for applications requiring multiple connections in a confined space, such as in high-density electronic assemblies or portable electronic devices.

3.Reliable Performance: Wafer connectors provide reliable electrical and mechanical performance, ensuring secure and stable connections between components. Their design features, such as polarization and locking mechanisms, help prevent misalignment and ensure proper mating of the connectors, reducing the risk of connection failures or intermittent contact.

4.Versatility: Wafer connectors are available in a wide range of configurations, pitches, and contact counts to accommodate various application requirements. They can be customized with different features such as surface mount or through-hole mounting, vertical or right-angle orientation, and optional locking mechanisms or polarization features.


Wafer connectors find widespread use in various industries and applications, including:

  • Consumer Electronics: Smartphones, tablets, laptops, digital cameras, and wearable devices.

  • Automotive: Infotainment systems, dashboard displays, and control modules.

  • Industrial Automation: PLCs (Programmable Logic Controllers), robotics, and control panels.

  • Telecommunications: Routers, switches, and networking equipment.

  • Medical Devices: Patient monitoring systems, diagnostic equipment, and medical imaging devices.



Contact: Bella

Phone: 15999819066

E-mail: rucoe@rucoe.com


Add: Taoyuan Street, Nanshan, Shenzhen